The SOAPSTone Strategy for Written Analysis is a simple method of rhetorical criticism designed to help with the process of analyzing texts, writing about written texts, and even planning for the writing of an original text. SOAPSTone is an acronym, standing for Speaker, Occasion, Audience, Purpose, Subject, and Tone. By utilizing the six parts of the SOAPSTone strategy, you can take nearly any written text (for example, a novel, journal article, speech, creative nonfiction piece, or any other written document) and develop a good sense for what the author was intending to do with the document and how audiences may (or may not) react to the text. See the graphic here, or read the description in larger text below.
Related: See the OPTIC Strategy for Visual Analysis
STEP 1: DETERMINE THE SPEAKER. Identify who is telling the story or giving the information. Is it an omniscient narrator, a character in the story, or the actual author? Why do you think the author chose that person to be the speaker? What details about this person are important to know?
STEP 2: RECOGNIZE THE OCCASION. The occasion refers to the time and place of the story or written document. When and where do the events take place? From what geographical and chronological context is the speaker thinking and acting? How does the time and place affect and inform the text? What details are given about the occasion in the text itself?
STEP 3: DESCRIBE THE AUDIENCE. Consider the primary, secondary, and even tertiary audiences of this text. Who was the text written for? Why was it written for them? What characteristics do you know about the audience and how do you know that the text was written with them in mind?
STEP 4: ESTABLISH THE PURPOSE. Why would the author write this particular text for the audience you noted above? Determine the meaning and message underlying the prose and ask yourself: what value does this give to my audience? What does the author think or hope the audience of the text will think about the text or do as a result of it? How does the author effectively (or ineffectively) make his or her purpose clear and realize the purpose’s goals?
STEP 5: INVESTIGATE THE SUBJECT. Knowing the audience and purpose of the document, in conjunction with the occasion and speaker allows you to better understand the subject or topic of the text. What is the author really getting at? What belies the story or prose, possibly providing a deeper meaning? What does the author reveal (or not reveal) when addressing the subject?
STEP 6: DISSECT THE TONE. Evaluate the word choice, organization, and rhetorical patterns in the prose. How do the textual elements make the audience feel? How does the author feel about the subject? Is the message heavy-handed, or is it subtle? What can you say about the syntactical construction and structure of the text in regards to tone?
This paper seeks to examine the historical origins and development, the manufacturing and use of soap; it begins by defining the meaning of soap, describing how it looks and its use. Soap is basically a chemical material used to clean hands. The research carried out by Aftalion traces the history of the use of soap back to 2800 BC, to the times of biblical narratives where the children of Israel were expected to clean their bodies and utensils, the Babylonians, Mesopotamia and Egyptian. It has been suggested that the term soap is derived from an ancient Roman legend, from Mount Sapo where animals were being sacrificed. The word soap is a Latin word for sapo, although it was originally invented by the Babylonians. The Babylonians combined the use of animal fats, with wood ash to produce a substance for cleaning utensils and was mainly used in textile industries.
The emergence of the industrial revolution brought new ideas in the making of soap with the advancement of scientific knowledge the liquid soap was invented in 1800 for laundry and industrial purposes. Today, soap is being used for commercial, industrial and personal purposes. Scientifically, soaps have been produced from vegetable and animal oils and fats mixed with strong alkaline solution. Today, the same methods for producing soap is being used, through the chemical reactions of mixing animal and vegetable oils of fats which is dissolved in water to produce a new substance, being referred to as a soap.
Soap is useful in many ways, such as washing clothes, bathing and general cleaning. During the use, the soap often allows the insoluble particles to dissolve and become soluble in water after which it is rinsed off. Watkinson, states that soap has been widely used as surface active detergent to remove hard surfactants, although, it sometimes becomes disadvantageous to soap sufferers, causing irritations and itchiness. There are many types of soaps which come in liquid forms, powder or bar, some are meant to be used as divergent to fight against bacteria (antibacterial) and others for general cleaning. Health scientists have found out that using soaps and other personal care products are useful for fighting against skin dryness, itching and stinging and other skin related diseases.
In conclusion, this paper has looked at the history of soap as a washing detergent tracing it back to the Babylonian times. Today, soap is widely used in varied forms such as liquid, bar and power for bathing, cleaning utensils, and laundry work and commercial/industrial purposes. It is effective not just in removing dirt but fighting against skin related diseases.