These fraction games for kids boost understanding, critical thinking, and social interaction. Best yet, they’re fun!
1. Play a game of Fraction War.
This activity, designed for two students, is just like the traditional card game War, but with fractions! To prepare the deck, print this free Fraction War cards printable and cut the cards out.
Students deal out the deck evenly and place their cards in a pile, face-down in front of them. Each student draws one card at a time and places it face-up in front of them. Students then compare their fractions using the colored fraction bars. The player with the highest fraction gets to keep both cards. This fraction game is great for comparing greater than, less than, and equal to.
2. Do some Newspaper Fraction Dancing.
Turn on the music and boogie down! This math activity comes from Mrs. King Rocks! Kids learn about fractions by folding and dancing on newspaper. Visit Mrs. King’s Music Class to see this activity in action.
3. Take them outside and play Fraction Hopscotch.
This fraction game for kids will get your students learning outside. Kids will design their own hopscotch board- with a twist. All of the squares must be labelled with fractions. For a refresher course on how to play hopscotch, click here.
4. Go on a Fraction Picnic.
For a fun math station, provide a variety of food images cut out of magazines or printed out from the internet. Students will plan a picnic and choose what food they want to bring along. Using a ruler and scissors, they will cut portions of their food choices and glue them to a paper plate. Finally, they will label each item with the fraction name. This is a great activity for practicing fraction skills and understanding the concept of division.
5. Play Fraction Pictionary.
This fraction game for kids comes from the Oregon Department of Education.
Divide students into teams. One child draws an picture that includes a fraction on the board. Their teammates try to correctly guess what the image is as well as the fraction. If their team guesses correctly they get a point.
The student who is drawing can divide single objects to represent fractions (shown above) or they can draw multiple objects. For example for 2/5 dogs, a student could draw two dogs and three cats.
6. Play Shake and Number Bond.
All you need is a plastic cup and two-sided counters. Kids shake the cup and pour the counters on the table. Then, without flipping any of their counters over, they count how many of each color landed face up. For example, if 13 counters were rolled, six red and seven blue landed face up. Six and seven are both parts of thirteen (the whole). Have students write the number bond (see illustration above) and fractions for each color.
You could also use 10 frames with this game. After kids spill their counters on the table, they place the counters on 10 frames. Kids see that 13 equals one 10 and three ones, which helps with place value skills.
7. Play a round of Equivalent Fractions Musical Plates.
Get children up and moving with this fun, kinesthetic fraction activity. Children are given a fraction and dance around to music, trying to find its equivalent. Written and visual representations of fractions are used to assess children’s understanding!
Give each student a fraction written on a sticky note. Students remember their fraction and stick it on their shirt. Next, lay out paper plates with fractions written or pasted on them. You should make a variety of equivalent fraction plates for each student and spread them far apart so that students will have to really look around to find a plate that is equivalent.
Start the music. Students dance and hunt for a fraction that is equivalent to their own. When they find it, they stand on the paper plate. If they don’t find an equivalent fraction before the music stops, they’re out! For each round, students keep hunting for fractions. Once there are no more fractions that are equivalent to their own, they sit out. They’ve found all of their fractions!
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