Female Foeticide Infanticide Essay Causes Impact & Prevenstion, Speech, Quotes, Slogan
Essay On Female Foeticide Infanticide
Female foeticide is a process of killing a female foetus in the womb. It happens in many parts of the world. Though some of the countries don’t allow sex determination before birth but some of the countries allow. In this regard a lot of people undergo sex determination before birth of the child and then eliminate the female foetus. The incident is painful as well as inhuman for the society. Mostly it happens in Asian countries, especially in India, Pakistan, Southern parts of the continent. The reason behind such inhuman activities is the old belief of some old people. Some of the old people and even some of the young generations want boy child in their family.
It was unfortunate that even in this modern era many of the people have this belief that malesare better than females. So investing in female child will be a bad deal. At many places we expect that the rural areas, where probably education and culture are yet to reach, people possess such beliefs. But unfortunately some of the prominent urban areas, educated people and even young people have such biased belief that having a boy child is more logical than a girl child.
There are some cases where women are forced to abort the foetus. The force comes from either husbands or from the in-laws as they want their daughter-in-law to give birth to a boy child. In other cases, some people get rid of the foetus because of the unwanted pregnancy. Women or couples who are not prepared to start their family now are keen to get eliminated their foetus.
Causes behind Female Foeticide
There are a bunch of reasons behind this inhuman and unfortunate incident of female foeticide. Though it is not always for the unwanted pregnancy but it is intentionally done because of the society that builds on silly beliefs.
- Female children are bad deals: A lot of people think that investing on female child, spending on their education and upbringing cannot be a profitable deal. It won’t be a worth as girls will get married and will be gone to other family.
- Male child will extend family: If you have a male child your family will extend by many generations. If you have girl child your daughter will be gone to other family and your family will be ended after one generation. This belief leads to many people to attempt female foeticide.
- Females don’t have social status males have:Women who are said to be carrying the name of the father before marriage and then of the husband after marriage have no social status. Sadly, even when women are achieving so many things in their lives, still people follow rules made by the society of carrying the names of the male guardian. In this regard a mass portion of the society still thinks that female child does not have any social status whereas a male child has.
- Illegal sex determination labs and hospitals:In south Asian countries, there are many illegal medical path labs and hospitals can be found where illegally sex determination takes place. Families that are craving for boy child spend their last penny to know whether it is a boy or a girl. Once they get to know that through illegal tests, they opt for abortion.
- Females are not secured: As the nation witnesses a lot of rape and women harassment, people often don’t wish to have female child for this reason. Though it is sort of hypothetical belief that some people possess, still it affects many parents who don’t want to have female child.
Impact on the Society
The impact on the society of female foeticide is immense today. Not only today but the society is witnessing so many bad effects since a long time. Of course there is no such positive impact on society of this incident. There are only negative impacts that affect the so-called society. One of the most important points is low rate of sex ratio. Along with it other impacts are sexual harassment, decrease in population, early age marriage and lot more such cases.
- Low sex ratio: In southern Asian countries the sex ratio is tremendously low in compare to other continents and developed countries. Frequently decreasing rate of female child brings the imbalance in the sex ratio.
Sex Ratio in some countries:
- Population declining:The overall population is declining over the period of time because of low rate of female child. According to the 2011 census there are only 933 women compared to 1000 males in India.
- Sexual harassment/Rape:In a recent survey it has shown that places where women are endangered species, the rate of rape has increased largely. Males are keen to be with girls and when they don’t get them easily, they attempt such anti-social behaviour.
Prevention Solution to the problem:
There are some sorts of prevention of solutions are there which can be attained to prevent this Female Foeticide in some countries, especially in the Asian countries.
- Public awareness programmes can be arranged to target young generation so that they can be more conscious about the fact that daughters are equally important in our society and family.
- Cancellation of the licence of such hospitals and doctors where cases like abortions take place will be another big solution to the problem.
- Also the licence of the path labs and companies that are involved in sex determination process and supplying such kits should be banned and cancelled.
- Punishments like jailed or high fines should be imposed on the people who undergo such process. Be it the parents or the family members, attempting such process shall be punishable act.
- Establish new laws and strict rules against the doctors, hospitals and people who will be involved in female foeticide.
The incident of female foeticide is something that needs to be stopped immediately. There are a cluster of laws and rules against it but it is more important to be aware of them. To prevent the sex ratio imbalance one needs to be more cautious before attempting such crime. Sex detection and killing the foetus should be punishable act in every country and for everyone no matter who the person is. One must not forget that a female child is equally important in a family and society as a male child is.
Speech On Female Foeticide Infanticide
Though we are living in a modern era, the era when high technology is over powering our lives, still a large part of our society is still living with some old and weird beliefs. When we talk about an incident of foeticide the first thing comes on our mind is, it has to be female child. Yes, we still live in such society where females are unwanted. Even when we see females are achieving so many things.
The incident of female foeticide is not a new concept. It happens because of the belief that male child carries the family to the next generation, females don’t. On the basis of such weak mentality and society generated belief we continuously kill a life even before her birth.
Unfortunately, it is the woman who attempts such sin. Either it is the mother of the foetus or the mother-in-law of the mother, the crime is often done by the women only. It is sad but true that women are the biggest enemy of another woman.
Now it is inevitable that when you don’t get access to something you will go crazy after it. Some of the places where women become endangered species have more chances of rape than other places. The reason is obvious. Males who are in need of women but don’t get them often attempt such crime without knowing the consequences. Even in some states due to low rate of women population, parents opt for early marriage of their daughters, sometimes before adulthood they force their daughters to get married.
People, especially the young generation should be aware of the fact that women are equally important in our society and sometimes more than a male because a male can never be able to give birth a child that a woman can.
Quotes & Slogan On Female Foeticide Infanticide
Every man in our society needs a mother, a wife, a sister then why don’t they need a daughter?
You need a woman in your life, as your mother or as your sister and as your wife, because you can’t marry your brother. Isn’t it?
You want a woman to carry your son’s child in her womb, then why don’t you want to carry your daughter in your womb?
Daughters are the angels sent by the God, they cry, they blabber, at the end of the day they adore the most.
Don’t try to end their lives even before it starts.
Don’t hate the daughters, females are proved to be more intelligent than males. You never know when your daughter makes you proud.
Be your daughters’ friend not the foe. They are angels, don’t let them go.
If you think a man is a hero, then killing your daughter makes you a zero.
Don’t be cold daughters are pure gold.
Female foeticide takes place when a foetus is aborted after it is determined to be female. Under this illegal practice, the sex of the unborn child is determined by using the technique of ultrasound and if it happens to be a female foetus, it is aborted through medicine or surgery. It is one of the most rampant social evils in the country. It is rooted in the patriarchal mindset where boys are preferred over girls for various irrational reasons, not only in rural but urban areas too. We have to raise awareness levels against the regressive practice of female foeticide, enforce laws far more stringently and provide much more incentives to the households for the birth of a girl child.
We are providing here four articles on female foeticide useful for all people especially for students. All the articles are written in simple English language with different word counts of 300, 500, 600 and 800, respectively.
Female Foeticide Articles
Article on Female Foeticide 1 (300 words)
The patriarchal social structure in India and the society’s preference towards a male child is the major reason behind female foeticide. To carry forward the generation, families in general prefer the birth of sons over daughters. The male child is also required by the Hindu family to perform the last rites of father in the absence of which, it is believed that the father would not attain salvation after death.
Menace of dowry
In most traditional, conservative families, a girl child is more or less considered a liability or a burden, due to the frequent demands of huge sum in the form of dowry at the time of her marriage. On the other hand, it is seen that the father of the male child bargains very hard to maximize the benefits of marriage for his son. Though the parents have to face similar ordeals in getting their kids educated and settled in their lives, whether they are boys or girls, however, the mindset inclined towards the baby boy refuses to go, giving way to killing of female foetuses.
Sex determination tests put to wrong use
With the progress of science and technology, it is quite easy to find out the gender of the foetus. Unfortunately, some unscrupulous medical practitioners are also found to be increasingly involved in the illegal trade of carrying out sex-determination tests and later complying with the wishes of the parents for abortion of the foetus, if it is found out to be female.
Conclusion: Female foeticide is nothing but the misuse of pre-natal technology which was invented to detect abnormality in unborn child before it could actually take birth. It’s really very unfortunate that the technology is often used in detecting the sex of the foetus and if it is a girl, then parents have no qualms in getting it aborted.
Article on Female Foeticide 2 (500 words)
Female foeticide is a crime against women as it debars them to take birth. Of late, sex-selective abortions to get only male kids born in the family have gained momentum. Though the medical techniques used to determine sex of the child been helpful in various surgeries or treatments required to avoid complications during the birth and to know more about the health of the unborn baby, however, this technique is being used quite often for sex-selective abortions.
Eliminating female foetus in the womb of a woman is possible with the help of simple techniques starting from ultrasound and then some medicines which forces the foetus to die.
To stop the evil practice of female foeticide, strict punishment in the form of fine or jail to the person requesting abortion of the unborn girl child is prescribed under Pre Natal Diagnostics Techniques (PNDT) Act. Simultaneously the practitioner who helps in sex determination for this purpose is also required to be punished equally.
But the PNDT has failed to check female infanticide as the sex determination and services needed for the same have mushroomed accordingly. Law has been unable to curb the misuse of ultrasound machines by unscrupulous operators. After the determination of female foetus, many women go for abortion of their own accord. Sometimes they forced by their family members who find some medical practitioners willing to carry the surgical procedure against the enforced law.
Though there is little justification for the unscrupulous murder of female foetus, three is an increasing trend of families in urban as well as rural regions across the country going for the illegal practice of sex-determination test. On its part, the government has attempted to regulate the use of pre-natal diagnostic techniques for legal or medical purposes through the PNDT Act 1994 and has also set up a central body to check killing of female foetus through abortion.
Also, we cannot blame the entire doctor community for carrying out sex-selective tests. It’s only an unscrupulous bunch of doctors who become willing partners of parents in not allowing many girls to come into this world.
Winds of Change
The winds of change have now started blowing in the society with girls doing well in diverse professions, which were considered male-bastions up until now, such as boxing, wrestling, martial arts, armed forces, etc. ‘Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (Save and educate the girl child) has become a countrywide movement. Fortunately, a growing number of medical practitioners have now rallied themselves against the sex selective abortions. The development is very encouraging for the development of the nation and it will also help correct the skewed male-female ratio in many states of the country.
Conclusion: Though there is PNDT Act 1994 in place to prevent the abuse of sex-determination test, we require an attitudinal change in society to abolish the heinous practice of female foeticide. Fortunately, the society is now beginning to realize the importance of the girl child with the result that equal opportunities of nutrition, health, education and employment are now available to women.
Article on Female Foeticide 3 (600 words)
Female foeticide refers to getting rid of the female foetus by surgical termination. This interrupting of the birth of the girl child has led to skewed male-female sex ratio in many states across the country, which has even given rise to trafficking of girls from other parts. All this has resulted in the rampant exploitation of women at the hands of an unjust social order.
Female foeticide is no less than an act of cutting short life, a case of life interrupted but the people indulging in it find willing partners in their crime who are blinded by the lure of money. Ironically, sometimes women themselves surrender to the illegal and immoral practice of getting their female foetus aborted due to family and social pressure.
A legal and immoral Act
As per the provisions of Pre Natal Diagnostics Techniques (PNDT) Act, it is a crime for the couples who request for abortion of the female foetus as well as for the doctors who perform it. In moral terms too, it is an inhumane act of terminating the life of an unborn girl child due to conservative outlook or greed. The parents of the girl child do not realise that they will have to make equal efforts in rearing and settling their child irrespective of gender.
Poor Enforcement of law
Nobody had anticipated that technological advances would lead to female foeticide. Sex screening technologies, though meant to investigate pre-natal complications, became liable for misuse facilitating abortions of female foetuses in India through the 1980s. Subsequently, the Government of India passed the Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques Act (PNDT) in 1994. This Act underwent further amendment as the Pre-Conception and Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) (PCPNDT) Act in 2004 with a mandate to deter and penalise prenatal sex screening and female foeticide. However, all these legal provisions have received poor enforcement.
Signs of Change
Gradually, however, the outlook of society towards the girl child is beginning to change with women proving their worth in all professions, many of which were earlier considered to be the exclusive domains of men. There is increasing awareness with regard to the rights of a girl child for providing them equal opportunities for upbringing, health, education and jobs. The Central and the state governments too are running various programmes and schemes for improving the lot of women in the country and the voices against female foeticide are becoming louder by the day. Consequently, there is marked change in the attitude of women with regard to their abilities to break all barriers in their all-round development.
Let’s stand by the girl child
It is a social and moral responsibility of every citizen of this country to put an end to the practice of female foeticide and also spread awareness about the need for believing in the merits of women to play multiple roles in the life of the nation as they have proven to be outstanding performers in different professions. Nature too has gifted women to play different roles of a daughter, sister, wife and mother with equal ease and success.
Gone are the days when women were considered paraya dhan — meant to take care of their in-laws’ family; they are now individuals in their own right, who are leaving a distinct mark in all professions, while managing their homes and families too. They are bringing laurels to their parents as well as their country. In the recently, held Rio Olympics 2016, PV Sindhu and Sakshi Malik upheld the honour of their countries by winning silver and bronze medals, respectively in the otherwise lacklustre tally of India.
Article on Female Foeticide 4 (800 words)
In a country where, as per scriptures, Gods reside in places where a woman is worshiped (Yatra Nari Astu Pujyante, Ramante Tatra Devataa), female foeticide is an ironical but sad truth. It has become a grave social issue across the country. Female foetuses are killed in the wombs of their mothers through Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) by a ruthless society that prefers sons over daughters.
The bane of dowry
In many traditional, conservative families, a girl is considered a liability or burden, due to the evil practice of demanding dowry at time of marriage. Often, she is also subjected to sexual harassment, molestation, rape and beating, prompting the parents to fear the prospect of rearing, educating, protecting or marrying off their daughters. Daily newspapers are full of the news about molestation, rapes, acid-throwing, sexual harassment, bride beating and burning, which accentuate the apprehension of families regarding a girl child, All these things, in turn, encourage the practice of aborting the foetus in case it is determined to be female.
Misuse of pre-natal tests
There is increasing trend of the misuse of the pre-natal technologies which are used to determine pre-birth deficiencies or infirmities in a child. Aiding the massacre of unborn girls are the mushrooming ultrasound clinics who connive with parents in carrying out sex-determination tests and killing the child in the womb, in case it is found out to be a girl. Such unscrupulous people deserve strictest punishment but they are able to escape the law in most cases due to inadequacies in the law enforcing mechanism.
Traditional, conservative families are still unable to shake off their longing for a son as they tend to believe that only sons can carry their family names forward and also look after them in their old age. They also subscribe to the notion that only when funeral rites are performed by a son that the deceased attains salvation.
According to 2011 Census, the birth of girls was pegged at 914.23 for every 1,000 boys in the age group 0-6 years, contrary to 927.31 for every 1,000 boys in the 2001 Census. Except improvement in the sex ratio in Kerala, Lakshadweep and Pondicherry, all other states have reported decrease in the number of girls, notable among them being Maharashtra, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Delhi, Chandigarh and Gujarat.
Change in the air
But gradually, the winds of change have started blowing across the society as girls are doing exceptionally well in various professions, bringing a sense of pride and recognition to their families, cities and nation. They have broken all barriers and excelled in all fields, be it sports, armed forces, business or politics. In the recently held Rio Olympics 2016, only two women were the lone medal winners for India – P V Sindhu in badminton and Sakshi Malik in wrestling. The field of politics today is also dominated by women – Sonia Gandhi, Priyanka Gandhi, Sheila Dixit; Sushma Swaraj, Uma Bharti, Vasundhra Raje, Menaka Gandhi, Smriti Irani, Pankaja Munde, Mamata Bannerjee, Mayawati, Brinda Karat, and Mehbooba Mufti.
But miles to go…
Consequently, social attitudes towards women are changing, leading to their empowerment, still we cannot say that it has put an end to the practice of female foeticide as it will take time for the change in mindsets to percolate down to all towns and cities of the country. Generally, after the birth of two or more girls, many parents go for sex-selective tests and go ahead with the pregnancy only if the foetus is found to be a male.
In some rural areas where people cannot go for sex-determination tests, female foeticide degenerates into female infanticide wherein a girl child is killed after birth by unimaginably horrible methods – she is strangulated, poisoned, dumped in garbage bins, drowned, burnt alive, or starved to death. Sadly, such crimes are committed by mothers or other female members of the household all because they are prisoners of their own regressive, medieval outlook.
Generally, in urban areas too, things are not different on the ground. The desire for a male child is common across households irrespective of their socio-economic conditions. So, the educated couples take recourse to ultrasound techniques of determining the gender of their unborn child and in case it is found to be female, they have no qualms about terminating it through MTP.
Conclusion: The root cause of the still prevalence of female foeticide in the 21st century is the age-old patriarchal mindset where sweets are distributed after the birth of a baby boy but the birth of a girl plunges the family into unexplained sadness. We need to empower girls in every sense of the term – educational, social, economic and political so that Indian families learn to practice no-discrimination with regard to the gender of their child.
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