Cm4310 Lca Assignment Definition

2015 English Gcse Assignment.

Do you I Need Help Writing My Personal Statement help with with essay, research paper, homework or even dissertation?

Visit our website - (

=================>>>CLICK HERE=================

=================>>>CLICK HERE=================

=================>>>CLICK HERE=================

=================>>>GET ASSIGNMENT HELP=================

=================>>>GET ASSIGNMENT HELP=================

=================>>>GET ASSIGNMENT HELP=================

mid day meal essay topics

cheap dissertations crossword

10 sat essay prompts recent

ennis weir critical thinking essay test

do you italicize websites in essays

colm toibin essays on success

case study floor plans

essay about national flag of india in hindi

statistics research paper pdf

homework cheats sims 2

beauty in the eye of the beholder essay definition

nouns homework ks2

what is the expository essay

post-session on success variable assignments

what is a justification essay

topics write essay english

national security concerns essay contest

mightystudents free essays on gun

disparity and discrimination essay free

how to write an introduction to a comparison essay

dean koontz I Need Help Writing My Personal Statement chronological bibliography sample

ap european history essay rubrics

preschool homework sheets to print

selection and recruitment hal case study

essay cultural imperialism theory

personal statement for 14 year old

pro gmo essays

single parenting vs dual parenting essays on education

hip hop definition essay on beauty

the lottery essay topics

thomas king essays of elia

priere d auto liberation essay

I Need Help Writing My Personal Statement critical thinking in nursing

abbildungen in wissenschaftlichen arbeiten beispiel essay

argumentative essay rubrics

nebula classification essay

cover letter for it job with no experience

ap essay question for pride and prejudice

ucc plus homework club

ignou ba assignment december 2012

essay writing service melbourne florida

world history extra credit assignments for history

essay being american means you

cm4310 lca assignment of contract

homework definition funny quotes

15d pgj2 synthesis essay

jrotc cadet creed essay examples

kindness is rewarded essay scholarships

cover letter wetenschappelijk artikel faalangst

essay ielts pdf

happiness example essay

leadership essays for band

june jordan essays on music

impacts of global warming essay conclusion

assignment abroad times this week

milroy v lord essay about myself

space exploration essay conclusion examples

bipolar disorder case study essay

kk handique assignment submission

qk school head teacher personal statement

cse citation bibliography worksheet

cover letter funny examples of poor

revolution of 1800 ap essays

research methods sociology essay on education

carnegie mellon admissions essay sample

essay schreiben deutsch aufbau chart

internship cover letter school

neurogenic shock case study nursing I Need Help Writing My Personal Statement care

essay phaedo platos

martial law term paper

essay questions for toefl ibt

reflowering essay typer

I Need Help Writing My Personal Statement essays website

children essays topics

contemplative neuroscience phd personal statement

write an essay on effect of pollution

uwe assignment submissions to eds

case study about spore forming pathogens

wasteland movie essay samples

how to put quotes in research paper

brave new world argumentative essay template

moderator analysis process essay

not attending classes regularly essay

ingfield manor school head teacher personal statement

qui a essaye le regime jenny craig

the little wings poems and essays

easy in class essay topics

essay title format apa section

cima operational case study pre seen november 2015 calendar

et al in latex bibliography style

theme of essay on man by alexander pope

free essays in english on different I Need Help Writing My Personal Statement topics of speech

define an analytical essay

sample essay on globalization

inquire about your delivery assignment management

wharton essays 2018 jeep

write essay comparing contrasting two things

haussmann patrimoine narrative essays

fst 1 assignment 2013 nissan

example compare contrast essay block form

most influential person essay examples

personal statement writer reviews

anne brigman bibliography apa

how to write a conclusion paragraph for a critical essay

format for cover letter sent via email

search an essay

m essayer synonyme dictionnaire

rafael sabatini bibliography generator

travelling for pleasure essay

cover letter bullet points or paragraphs for her

llegaron para quedarse the walking dead 4x05 homework

indian space research essay graphic organizer

daily collection assignment log sheet

adam counseling essay jay library

hygiene essay 300

clockwork orange free will essays

jewish museum berlin case study ppt template

food crisis solution essay examples

disadvantages of bacteria essays

program officer cover letter examples

apa online journal bibliography format

ut essay length limitations

different photography assignments for high school

essay about my admire mother qualities

free essay about police

oscar hammerstein essay

examples of topics of research paper

discursive essay topics list uk number

she loves me not essay definition

critical thinking essays + nursing

refelction essays

essay unifiers

aldersly high school show my homework

persian college essay

to determine environmental friendliness


What is a "green product?"


The entire life cycle of any device may be thought broadly to consist of the following general stages: (1) raw material extraction, (2) refining of material (3) manufacture (4) distribution (5) use (6) disposal (7) waste management. There are several transportation links between and during these stages.

  1. Draw the life cycle of an Aluminum can as described in Natural Capitalism, Chapter 3. Show the geographic locations and approximate distances of transportation on the figure. What are the routine emissions from this life cycle?

  2. What might be ways to reduce the environmental impacts of this life cycle?


Do this assignment in groups of 5 or 6. You must work in interdisciplinary groups.

The concept of "environmentally friendly" products or "green products" has gained a lot of attention in the past 10 years or so. As a way of determining which of two equivalent products causes less pollution and environmental impact, an analysis called the Product Life Cycle Analysis (PLCA, or LCA for short) has been used.

In this project you will conduct a PLCA on two products that are alternatives for the same use (e.g., paper napkins and cloth napkins). Several resources are listed at the end of this assignment to guide and aid your work

  1. Select a pair of alternatives for a consumer product with a life of 0 to 10 years. Possibilities include:

    - Glass bottles and plastic bottles for soft drinks
    - Cloth diapers and plastic diapers
    - Incandescent and fluorescent light bulbs
    - Disposable and rechargeable batteries
    - Liquid and powder detergents
    - Alternate Packaging materials
    - Automobiles

  2. Draw a flowchart showing the material, energy, and residual flows.

  3. Do PLCA for the 2 products. This is to give you experience in estimating:

    (1) the resources - materials and energy - embodied in products we use daily;
    (2) the waste flows and emissions to the environment during manufacture, use, and ultimate disposal of the product.

    Use concept maps, tables, etc., to show the environmental burdens/ impacts, and other factors consumers usually consider when buying a product.

  4. Based on the experience of your analysis and personal experience, develop a set of criteria for deciding on the "better product choice" from the point of view of resource conservation and environmental quality. What other factors would you consider besides these two?

    - Propose the weight each of these criteria should have.
    - Outline the set of values that you considered in this part.
    - How might the criteria (or, the weights) change with the culture of the society?
    - What may be the problems in implementing the factors determined by these criteria into the design of products?

  5. Determine which is more environmentally friendly. Explain your reason as you would explain to a member of the public who does not have your expertise in environmental impacts.

  6. Look at any two products you have around for any environmental label. Briefly describe what you learn from the labels. Design a logo and short slogan for the green product that you worked on.

  7. Write and present a report on the project. The project report should show the detailed calculation of the LCA including your assumptions, and approximations, the factors you considered in your assessment, the difficulties and uncertainties in the analysis.

    A detailed discussion at the end should include the problems with doing the LCA, and to what extent it helps consumers make informed choices.

  8. Formal oral presentation: Present your results in a formal presentation in class. Each group presentation should be no more than 5 minutes. The presentation should be a clear summary of your work, including the uncertainties, assumptions, etc. The discussion on page 25 -26 of the SETAC Chapter 2 should provide a good guideline in preparing the presentation.


  1. From: SETAC, A Technical Framework for Life-Cycle Assessment, SETAC Foundation, Washington, DC, 1991 -.

    - Chapter 2: Framework for a Life-cycle Inventory
    - Chapter 3: Raw Materials and Energy

  2. Paul R. Portney, "The Price is Right: Making Use of Life Cycle Analysis," Issues in Science and Technology, Winter 1993-94, pp. 69-75.

  3. Karen Shapiro, Life-cycle Evaluation of Packaging Materials, Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Electronics and Environment, 1993, pp. 106-110.

  4. Martin Hocking, "Paper versus Polystyrene," Science, Vol. 251, February 1, 1991.

  5. "Environmentally-sound product development based on life-cycle assessments (LCA) - 'from cradle to grave'," in Sven-Olof Ryding (ed.) Environmental Management Handbook, Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, Florida, 1992., pp. 435-438

  6. Amy Lynn Salzhauser, "Obstacles and Opportunities for a Consumer Ecolabel", Environment, Volume 33, no. 9, November 1991, pp.10-

  7. U.S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment, Executive Summary, Green Products by Design, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1992.

  8. Flowchart form : Ayres R.U. and A.V. Kneese, "Pollution and Environmental Quality" in Perloff, H. (Ed.) Quality of the Urban Environment, Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C,., p.37

  9. LINKS?

0 thoughts on “Cm4310 Lca Assignment Definition

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *